Conference Background Statement

In the 21st Century, many African countries continue to face serious challenges in their efforts to secure higher standards of living for their citizens. These challenges include food insecurity, poor sanitation, corruption, infrastructural deficit and low economic growth rate. These are evidenced by extremely high levels of unemployment and widespread poverty. This is because, there is dearth of science and technology-based skills needed to harness the rich natural resource endowments. The relatively low level of scientific and technological innovations in production of goods and services constitute formidable barrier to efforts aimed at achieving significant growth and development.

Therefore, there is the need for pragmatic approach to overcome these stumbling blocks which continue to keep these African states behind in terms of development. It is abundantly clear that, in this knowledge-based Century, application of science, technology and innovation holds the key to unlocking the potentials of nations to make development a reality. This is because application of science, technology and innovation would facilitate acquisition of skills and, in addition to economic entrepreneurship to enable the state deal decisively on the massive unemployment and poverty which have engulfed the society. Indeed, science, technology and innovation have been recognized as the main pillars for ensuring sustainable improvement in the quality of living.

Significant investment in science, technology and innovation will result in skills acquisition to facilitate job creation and help address contemporary needs of our society for food, clean water, effective transportation and communication systems, energy, sustainable environment, healthcare, decent shelter, etc. Scientific knowledge systems, including ICT have been acknowledged as the main pivot for sustainable national development. All indications point to the fact that, application of science, technology and innovation will continue to play key roles in determining growth and development in the current globalised and knowledge-based society.

We need to come to terms with the fact that “19th Century tools cannot be employed to address economic challenges confronting us in the 21st Century”1. Without active participation in the generation and application of knowledge in science and technology, advances in these fields will displace many people i.e. youth, and render them unemployable. This situation would spell doom for African economies as unemployment will soar and worsen poverty to bring misery, hopelessness and deprivation in spite of the rich natural resource endowments.

It is in recognition of this that, Kumasi Technical University (KsTU) in collaboration with its partners is organising the 5th International Conference on Applied Sciences and Technology (ICAST) scheduled for September 27 - 28, 2018 on the theme: Skills Acquisition and Job Creation through Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development. Among other things, the Conference is intended to provide a platform for exchange of ideas, insights, experiences, research findings and knowledge among academia, scientists, technologists, industry players, policy makers, civil society institutions, development practitioners, etc.

KsTU is therefore, inviting interested authors to submit papers for presentation at ICAST 2018 in fields related to, but not limited to the following thematic areas: Engineering; Agriculture/Food Science; Health/ Natural Sciences; Computer Science and Technology; ; Housing and Waste Management; Creative and Applied Arts; Economics/Statistics; Business, Management and Administration; Hospitality and Tourism as well as Socio-Cultural Studies.

We hereby welcome authors interested in presenting papers during ICAST 2018 on the various thematic areas indicated above to submit abstracts through our online submission system not later than 29th June 2018. The length of abstract should not exceed 350 words and written in English Language with five key words. Abstracts will be reviewed by a panel of experts on the basis of the following criteria: relevance to thematic area, objectives/research questions, theory/conceptual framework, methods/materials, results and conclusion (visit www.icast.kstu.edu.gh for detailed guidelines on paper preparation).

Other important dates regarding this Conference are as follows:

Notice of acceptance of Abstracts - 27th July 2018

Deadline for submission of Full Papers - 31st August 2018

Submission of Power Points for Presentation - 17th September 2018

Conference - 26 -27th September 2018

Publication of Conference Proceedings December 2018

1 Keynote address delivered during ICAST 2015 by Emeritus Prof. F. K. Allotey on the theme “Technological Innovation for Accelerated National Growth and Development”.